- child; ChildrenProgeny; offspring of parentage. Unborn or recently born human being. Wilson v. Weaver, 358 F.Supp. 1147, 1154.At common law one who had not attained the age of fourteen years, though the meaning now varies in different statutes; e.g. child labor, support, criminal, etc. statutes. The term "child" or "children" may include or apply to: adopted, after-born, or illegitimate child; step-child; child by second or former marriage; issue.See also delinquent child- infancy- juvenile- minor- person- posthumous child- viable child.For negligence of child, See parental liability@ childs partA "child's part," which a widow, by statute in some states, is entitled to take in lieu of dower or the provision made for her by will, is a full share to which a child of the decedent would be entitled, subject to the debts of the estate and the cost of administration up to and including distribution.@@ legitimate childChild born in lawful wedlock.@ natural childChild by natural relation or procreation. Child by birth, as distinguished from a child by adoption. Illegitimate children who have been acknowledged by the father.@ posthumous childOne born after the father's death.+ posthumous child/postyamas chayld/ Child born after the death of his or her father.See unborn child@ quasi-posthumous childIn the civil law, one who, born during the life of his grandfather, or other male ascendant, was not his heir at the time he made his testament, but who by the death of his father became his heir in his life-time.@ rights of unborn childThe rights of an unborn child are recognized in various different legal contexts; e.g. in criminal law, murder includes the unlawful killing of a fetus (Cal.Penal Code No. 187), and the law of property considers the unborn child in being for all purposes which are to its benefit, such as taking by will or descent. After its birth, it has been held that it may maintain a statutory action for the wrongful death of the parent. In addition, the child, if born alive, is permitted to maintain an action for the consequences of prenatal injuries, and if he dies of such injuries after birth an action will lie for his wrongful death. While certain states have allowed recovery even though the injury occurred during the early weeks of pregnancy, when the child was neither viable nor quick, Sinkler v. Kneale, 401 Pa. 267, 164 A.2d 93; Smith v. Brennan, 31 N.J. 353, 157 A.2d 497, other states require that the fetus be viable before a civil damage action can be brought on behalf of the unborn child.@See viable child- wrongful birth- wrongful conception- wrongful life@ child abuseAny form of cruelty to a child's physical, moral or mental well-being. Also used to describe form of sexual attack which may or may not amount to rape. Such acts are criminal offenses in most states.See also abuse (Female child)@ child labor lawsNetwork of laws on both federal and state levels prescribing working conditions for children in terms of hours and nature of work which may be performed, all designed to protect the child. Included are restrictions on number of hours that teen-agers can work during school year on school days and weekends; also specific hours during day that they can work.See also Fair Labor Standards Act@ children's courtSee juvenile courts@ child supportThe legal obligation of parents to contribute to the economic maintenance, including education, of their children; enforceable in both civil and criminal contexts. In a dissolution or custody action, money paid by one parent to another toward the expenses of children of the marriage.See also nonsupport@ child's income taxSee Clifford trust@ child welfareA generic term which embraces the totality of measures necessary for a child's well being; physical, moral and mental@
Black's law dictionary. HENRY CAMPBELL BLACK, M. A.. 1990.